Of late there have been a good number of Americans wondering and making attempts on how to get to Canada from the United States. This development has however prompted us to come up with this article so as to guide our teeming readers who wish to immigrate into the country of Canada from the United States. Researches have shown that going to Canada from USA is not always as easy as presumed; also there have data indication that a good number of Americans make attempts to move to Canada yearly, same applies to non-Americans who are resident in the USA.
Consequently, we would be taking you through some of the best options available for emigrating from the United States to Canada.
Move to Canada from the USA as a permanent resident.
There exist a number of permanent residence programs for people seeking immigration into Canada from the United State. To this end, the system of selecting candidates for most popular economic programs is known as Express Entry.
Applicants must however be eligible under one of the following federal economic immigration programs:
The Federal Skilled Worker Program
The Canadian Experience Class
The Federal Skilled Trades Program
It is however important to note that Canada’s provinces also have a say in who can immigrate into the country. There is the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) option; the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are streamlined through Express Entry, while some PNP streams exist completely outside the Express Entry system.
Each program has its own criteria, and the Express Entry system can help you discover which ones you may be eligible for. Also note that each program has its own rules and criteria.
To get started, applicants seeking immigration to Canada from the USA can submit an Express Entry profile to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), that is, the government department that processes applications. All those who apply will be assessed to determine their eligibility for at least one of these programs.
Candidates will need to provide basic information on their foreign work history, Canadian work history, if any, education level, language ability in either English or French. And from this point, they will be assigned a score out of 1,200 points, under what’s called the Comprehensive Ranking System.
One can receive up to 600 points right away if a Canadian province has agreed to nominate you under a Provincial Nominee Program.
Twice a month, usually, IRCC will select the top-ranking candidates and invite them to complete their application. In other words, anyone with a score above the minimum cut-off will receive an invitation to apply.
Immigration to Canada from the USA using USMCA (formerly: NAFTA)
Under the terms of the United States – Mexico – Canada Agreement (USMCA), which has replaced the older NAFTA agreement, provisions around immigration and mobility remain the same as before. There are three key ways you can obtain a work permit using this agreement. These categories are:
1. USMCA / NAFTA Professional
Candidates in this category must meet the following criteria
Qualified in one of the targeted professions (including accountants, architects, engineers, lawyers, teachers, medical and scientific staff). Learn more here.
Must have pre-arranged work in one of these fields.
Self-employed work is not eligible.
2. USMCA / NAFTA Intra-Company Transfers
Staff of an American company can transfer to a Canadian branch of the firm. The following requirements apply:
Must have been in continuous employment at the firm for at least one of the last three years.
Must be employed by the company when applying.
Must work in a specialized or managerial role.
ALSO SEE: The Step by Step Guide to Getting Your Job in the USA
3. USMCA / NAFTA Traders and Investors
Suitable for those who are investing in a Canadian business, and are seeking immigration to Canada from the USA or Mexico to grow that business. Under Canada’s Express Entry immigration system, USMCA workers in Canada may benefit from additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points for a valid job offer.
Immigration to Canada from the USA as a recent graduate
If you have been enrolled in a full-time, post-secondary educational program in the past year, you may be able to receive an open work permit for Canada. The permits, issued under the SWAP Working Holidays program, last for 12 months. They are available for those aged 18 to 35.
What do I do when I have my status in Canada?
Explore our website! Since 2011, we’ve specialized in providing updated news and information across our website for newcomers. Our articles and resources can help you plan your immigration to Canada from the USA.
Also, our Outpost Recruitment agency has also been finding work for construction and engineering professionals, placing them in companies across Canada who value foreign work experience.